Al-Qamer for Energy & Infrastructure Ltd (QEI) has been built its exploration work program in accordance with Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) requirements that should be addressed in the exploration program for oil shale development. QEI Company is conducting a targeted, two phases exploration program that is designed to assess the entire MOU study area and then focus more intensive exploration activities on the preferred areas for commercial oil shale development. The objectives of these activities are to build a geological understanding of the Oil Shale lithofa cies, distribution, richness and thickness and overburden distribution. In addition to, resources and reserves calculation will be estimated and geochemical analyses and evaluation. QEI staff and its contractors will be implemented all phase one activities that includes the following:
- Topographical Study; (Done)
- Geological Survey; (Done)
- Geophysical survey; (Done)
- Geochemical Analysis and Evaluation; (Done)
- Resources& Reserves Calculation; (Underway)
- Mining study; (Underway)
- Hydrology & Hydrogeology (Underway)
- and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA); (Underway)
A major objective of this study was to produce a topographic map at a scale of 1:5,000 and to descript of the major and minor streams, watersheds, roads and drainage patterns in the study area.
These activities expected to complete within three weeks that will guide us to reach our objectives.
Geological Survey considered as the main field activity and it will produce 1: 5000 geological map of the study area with cross and columnar sections, to show geological features and structure and detailed geological report with focusing on oil shale strata.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the subsurface geology, measure the depth and thickness of overburden, oil shale layers and the underlying phosphorite zone and determine the water table. The study is conduct to use Vertical Electric Sounding (VES) and or Time Domain Electromagnetic (TDEM) techniques. Geophysical survey activities required to 60 – 75 VES and or TDEM points.
Geophysical study activities expected to complete within six weeks.
The drilling operations plan was designed to assist description of subsurface geology, overburden thickness and distribution, oil shale thickness and distribution. Drilling of the boreholes will be at least one per each square kilometer. Core drilling through the oil shale layer and destructive (cutting) drilling of the overburden by using wireline rigs. One or two boreholes will be drilled with full core overburden and oil shale layers for geotechnical parameters purposes. After one month from starting the geological and geophysical activities and receiving the initial data we will start the phase one drilling activities.
the drilling activities are expected to be finished in four months.
The results of drilling and chemical analysis activities will be used to estimate a proven reserve, and identify the most prospective area for achieving the target resource for commercial development. Australasian Joint Ore Reserves Committee (JORC) Code for Reporting of Mineral Resources and Ore Reserves (JORC Code, 2012 Edition) will be adopted in this study to identify the proven reserve, delineation of ore-body. Cutoff Grade (COG) will be used based on Oil yield %.
Hydrological and hydrogeological studies are needed to support mine and site planning, facilitate environmental protection, and identify potential sources of water for various site operations (mining, dust control, Galoter construction, potable, sanitary, water usage and other processes). In addition to potable water for different uses will be also estimated.
A more detailed hydrological study assessment will include drilling evaluation boreholes through the aquifers to determine the top of the water table and the extent of the aquifer. Proposed well sites, monitoring of water resources, water resources quantity and quality, groundwater flow and the aquifer systems in the MOU area will be determined. Water demands for all development phases will be also estimated.
To ensure the above objectives; analyses available surface and subsurface hydrological and hydrogeological data that derived from topographic, geologic, geophysical activities, Meteorological Department and Ministry of Water and Irrigation within the MOU area. One month is the expected duration to complete the Hydrologic and hydrogeological study.
The Exploration Program results will be used to develop a Geological model that will lead to develop the basis for initial conceptual mine plan to determine the best mining method; type of mining, slope stability, infrastructure requirements, mine layout, suitable location of primary crusher, production schedule, waste dump design, initial estimates of mining labor, equipment and materials requirements and costs.
Mining study expected to finish after two weeks from receiving chemical analysis.
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) will be started as parallel between Phase I and Phase II. This will include an assessment of Jordanian environmental regulations, law and standards influencing project design. It will be identify and describe of environmental issues posed by development, construction, and operations of the proposed project.
Health Safety, Social and Security will identifying and evaluating potential health and safety risks and issues for project workers and for surrounding communities and identifying approaches for mitigating those risks and issues. It will also entail an evaluation of site security issues, requirements, and associated costs. The environmental criteria will determine requirements and environmental standards for mining and industrial operations in project area, including air quality, and surface and groundwater protection. The study also will include and evaluated all alternatives and Environmental Management Plan. The EIA should be approved by the Ministry of Environment.