Organic oil shale content is insoluble in organic solvents but forms liquids as hydrocarbons when heated to temperatures up to 500ºC.
Those materials are mainly composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur.
There are 18 known surface and near surface deposits. Eight of which are El- Lajjun, Sultani, Jurf Ed-Darawish, Attarat Umm El-Ghudran, Wadi Maghar, Siwaga, Khan El-Zabib and El-Thamad. These were investigated in different levels. Of these eight locations, the ones that contained major deposits of commercial scale interest are located south of Amman in central Jordan and are easily accessible from the desert highway between Amman and Aqaba. These are: -
• El–Lajjun; located about 100 km south of Amman, between Qatrana and Karak city.
• Sultani; located about 115km south of Amman,adjacent to the desert highway.
• Jurf Ed- Darawish; located 145km south of Amman, near Jurf Ed¬Darawish town.
• Attarat Umm Ghudran; located approximately 35 km east of Qatrana.
• Wadi El Maghar; located approximately 40 km south east of Qatrana.
• El-Thamad; located 45km south of Amman.
Specification of the Jordanian shale oil
A: Jordanian shale oil composition
Attarat – Oil Shale
Al Qamer for Energy & Infrastructure Company signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry of Energy & Mineral Resources Govt. of Jordan for the Distillation of Oil Shale and Production of Electricity in Al Attarat Area. The MOU area has 64.3 km square with oil shale reserve of more than 1 billion tons.
The MOU area is divided into two areas as follows:
· Oil Production: Area with more than 8.5% oil yield will be used for producing oil.
· Power Generation: Area with less than 8.5% oil yield will be used for power generation.